Friday, May 24

10 important facts about India’s freedom struggle

India’s freedom struggle was a pivotal period in the nation’s history that spanned several decades and eventually led to its independence from British colonial rule. Here are 10 important facts about India’s freedom struggle:

  1. Timeline: The freedom struggle took place over roughly 90 years, from the late 19th century to 1947, when India gained independence.
  2. British Colonization: India was colonized by the British East India Company in the mid-18th century, which gradually led to British control over vast territories and resources.
  3. Formation of Indian National Congress (INC): The Indian National Congress was founded in 1885 and played a significant role in organizing and leading the struggle for independence. It started as a platform for educated Indians to voice their grievances against British rule.
  4. Partition of Bengal: The British partitioned Bengal in 1905, which was met with widespread protests and opposition from Indians. The partition was eventually revoked due to public pressure.
  5. Non-Cooperation Movement: Led by Mahatma Gandhi, this movement (1920-1922) encouraged Indians to resist British rule through nonviolent means, including boycotting British goods, institutions, and civil disobedience.
  6. Civil Disobedience Movement: Also led by Gandhi, this movement (1930-1934) aimed to challenge British salt taxes and monopoly through the famous Salt March. It demonstrated the power of nonviolent resistance and civil disobedience.
  7. Quit India Movement: Launched in 1942, this movement was a mass protest demanding an immediate end to British rule. It resulted in widespread arrests and repression by the British authorities.
  8. World War I and II: India’s involvement in both World Wars significantly influenced the freedom struggle. Indians fought in large numbers for the British, but the wars also stirred nationalist sentiments and demands for self-governance.
  9. Partition and Independence: The culmination of the freedom struggle resulted in India gaining independence on August 15, 1947. However, the nation was also divided along religious lines into India and Pakistan, leading to widespread communal violence and displacement.
  10. Leaders and Ideologies: The freedom struggle saw the emergence of several prominent leaders, including Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, Sardar Patel, Subhas Chandra Bose, and many others, each with their unique ideologies and approaches to achieving independence.

These facts provide a glimpse into the complex and multi-faceted journey of India’s struggle for freedom, marked by resilience, sacrifice, and determination of its people against colonial rule.


multi-faceted journey of India's struggle for freedom
multi-faceted journey of India’s struggle for freedom

more facts

  1. Long Time Struggle: India’s fight for freedom lasted for around 90 years, from the 1800s to 1947.
  2. British Rule: India was under the control of the British, who took charge in the 1700s.
  3. First Congress: In 1885, the Indian National Congress was started to help people voice their concerns about British rule.
  4. World Wars Effect: India’s involvement in World Wars made people realize they wanted to govern themselves.
  5. Independence and Split: India became independent on August 15, 1947. But it also split into India and Pakistan due to differences.
  6. Great Leaders: Leaders like Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, and others played big roles with different ideas to make India free.
  7. Vande Mataram: India’s national song ‘Vande Mataram’ composed by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee was part of his novel ‘Anandamath’ written in the 1880s. Vande Mataram was adopted as the national song on January 24, 1950.
  8. India’s first Prime Minister: Jawaharlal Nehru unfurled the tricolour at the Red Fort at midnight on August 15. In his famous Independence Day speech, he said, “Long years ago, we made a tryst with destiny and now that time comes when we shall redeem our pledge. At the stroke of today’s midnight hour, when the world sleeps, India will awake to life and freedom.”

These facts help us understand the important story of how India fought against British rule to gain its freedom


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